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Cancer Clinical Procedures

Cancer Clinical Procedures

1. Lymphangiography: Contrast (different colors), ink injected into the lymphatics of the feet, as well as X rays of the lymphatic system to be extended to the lymph nodes, the blockage in the lymphatic system and tumors possible.

2. A biopsy of the bone marrow aspirate: a small amount of tissue from the bone marrow and be analyzed under a microscope for signs of cancer cells. This is the method most movie stars use.

3. Needle biopsy: A needle is placed in the hands of the tissue in the problem, and a central component of this tissue is removed. The aspiration of tissue or aspiration of tissue are used to remove the free cells as fluid-filled cavity. These biopsies from areas of cystic or solid mass of the tumor taken.

4. Peritoneoscopy: This procedure, known as laparoscopy. This method is used to examine the abdominal cavity, or for each tumor. Or peritoneoscope A laparoscope in the abdominal cavity of one side of a small incision placed in the abdominal wall.

5. Studies of radionuclides: Radionuclides are radioactive substances that are injected through a syringe taken into a vein and images with a scanning device. Uneven distribution of radiation or radioactivity indicates the absence of prior illness. This method is used mainly in the liver and spleen scans. In bone scintigraphy, regions of irregular absorption or radioactivity, may be in the report of the devastation and the bone metastasis process that accompanies it. Defects in imaging techniques, the light in the collection of increased radioactivity in normal brain tissue is usually devoted to radioactivity, for some reason, the blood-brain barrier.

6. Exfoliative cytology: cells are rubbed into the alleged disease. These cells are viewed under a microscope. The best example of exfoliative cytology Pap test is determined to carcinoma of the cervix or vagina.

7. Laparotomy: This is a major surgical opening in the abdomen that you can discover the degree of malice.

There will be some radioactive material in the hold tests used:
1. Gallium-67 or 67 Ga. This material is used to detect whole-body scans Hodgkin’s lymphoma, head and neck, bone tumors, tumors of the lung.
2. Technetium-99 or 99′Tc used in the liver and spleen scans.
3. 99m polyphosphate bone scans used.

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